Magnetic resonance imaging findings and socio- demographic details of patients diagnosed with cervical spine pathologies in Rivers State
Keywords:disability, neck disorder, pathology
Background. Cervical spine pathology is becoming increasingly prevalent with an aging world population and is associated with significant morbidity, affecting all areas of the world and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the modality of choice for a detailed evaluation of cervical spine pathologies. This study aimed at documenting the MRI findings and socio-demographic details of patients presenting with cervical spine pathologies in Rivers State, Nigeria.
Materials and method. This was a prospective, cross-sectional study involving 91 patients (n=91) diagnosed with cervical spine pathologies on MRI. Data used for this study were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results. The majority of patients were male (63.7%) and between the ages of 20-39 years of age (41.8%). The mean age of the sample included in this study was 52.16 ± 13.2 years. The majority (34.1%) had cervical spondylosis. Majority (n=40/43.96%) presented with Nurick grade I. There were no statistically significant relationships between the Nurick grades (0: χ2 = 30.9, p = 0.073; I: χ2 = 26.3, p = 0.134; II: χ2 = 24.5, p = 0.962 and IV: χ2 = 18.6, p = 0.086) and gender.
Conclusion. Cervical spine pathologies are numerous and common among young adult males. The commonest of these pathologies is spondylosis with a predilection for C5 vertebra. Nurick grade I disability is the most common in terms of the Nurick grading scores of disabilities arising from cervical pathologies and is independent of gender.
LicenseCopyright on all published material belongs to the Society of Radiographers of South Africa (SORSA).
I hereby understand and declare that:
- All proprietary rights other than copyright are reserved to the authors, as well as the right to reproduce original figures and tables from this item in their future works, provided full credit is given to the original publication The South African Radiographer ISSN 0258 0241.
- In consideration of the reviewing and editing done by the editors of The South African Radiographer of the above named manuscript, the author/s hereby transfer, assign, or otherwise convey all copyright ownership world-wide, in all languages, to the Society of Radiographers of South Africa in the event that this manuscript is accepted for publication.
- If the manuscript has been commissioned by another person or organisation, or if it has been written as part of the duties of an employee, that full authorization has been given by the representative of the commissioning organisation or employer to be published in the The South African Radiographer.