Evaluation of engagement in reflective practice by radiographers in Enugu Metropolis, southeast Nigeria
Keywords:theory-practice dichotomy, education, radiography
Background: Reflective practice (RP) is the mental processing of problems that requires application of conceptual knowledge during clinical practice.
Objective: To investigate engagement in RP by radiographers in the Enugu Metropolis to determine the effectiveness of curricula and teaching method.
Methods: The prospective cross-sectional study involved all 50 registered radiographers working in Enugu Metropolis in 2014. Informed consent of the respondents was obtained. A semi-structured questionnaires, and observation method, were used for data collection. Data were analysed using SPSS Version 17.0. Descriptive statistics were computed and Chi-square was used to test the significance of results at p<0.05.
Results: Seventy-four percent of respondents engaged in RP; whereas 22% were ill-equipped for this practice. Respectively, 74%, 68%, 72% and 74% of respondents would tinker patient positioning, projections, technical factors and immobilisation. Managers’ attitude, superiors’ attitude, ageing equipment, and patients’ age/condition (80%, 73.3%, 66.7%, and 60%, respectively) discouraged engagement in RP. Eighty-eight percent of respondents with 0-4 years of clinical experience engaged in RP; whereas 72% of those with â‰¥20 years clinical experience did.
Conclusion: Radiography curricula and andragogy appear to have largely been effective in the education/training of radiographers in Nigeria. Engagement in RP, however, tended to decrease with clinical experience.
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